WHAT IS “CHHATH” –
Chhath is an ancient Hindu Vedic festival .this is the only Parva(festival) which signifies rising sun as well as setting sun both. Environmentalists claim that Chhath is the most eco-friendly Hindu festival in the world. because Indians considers the earth as mother and as well as of air, water, food as a deity. chhath means sixth in Nepali and Bhojpuri language(Bihar) state of India. and the festival is celebrated on the sixth day of the month Kartika of the Hindu lunar Bikram sambat calendar.its most important festival after that Navratri.
The Goddess who is worshipped during the famous Chhath Puja is known as Chhathi Maiya, another name of this festival is chhati,chhath parv,chhath puja,dala chhath, dala puja and Surya shashthi. Chhathi Maiya is known as “USHA” in the “THE VEDAS”.the Vedas are world’s oldest Hindu epic.
(“THE VEDAS”-Literal meaning of the word Veda is “Knowledge” or Gyan. They are believed to be one of the oldest books ever made by mankind. They are written in an earlier Indian language called Sanskrit. these are volume related to Hindu religion They have phrases it called mantras which are chanted at the religious ceremonies.)
“USHA” is believed to be the beloved younger wife of Surya(THE SUN). In mithilanchal region(part of Nepal) she is also worshipped as the name of “RANA MAI “ basically it puja /worship is dedicated to “THE SUN” and wife of the sun called “USHA”.
in order to thank them for bestowing the bounties of life on earth and to request the granting of certain wishes. There is not involve any idol worship in the chhath.
This festival is observed by Nepalese and Indian people, along with their diaspora.Some Bihari Muslims too. celebrate Chhath puja.
MOST POPULAR FEATURE OF THIS FESTIVAL –
The unique feature about the Chhath Puja is the main idea behind it which is the disputed concept of Murti Pujan (Idol Worshipping) unlike most of the festivals of the Hindu religion. In simple terms, Sun is the source of life for possibly every creature on this planet earth and this festival is just a way to pay tribute to that life support system irrespective of caste, creed, gender and social stigmas.
WHEN CHHATH PUJA IS CELEBRATED-
Chhath puja is performed on Kartika Shukla Shashthi, which is the sixth day of the month of Kartika in the Vikram Samvat. This falls typically in the month of October or November in the Gregorian English Calendar. Or we can say the beginning of the winter season.The exact date of the festival is decided by the Central division of Janakpurdham in Mithila part of Nepal which is applicable to worldwide adherents.as a standard.
WHERE IT IS CELEBRATED-
Chhath is a historic Hindu festival traditionally native to the madhesh province and Mithila its part of Nepal and Jharkhand Bihar, Uttara Pradesh, Uttarakhand and some others states of India .and additionally out the facet of India the place live Nepalese and identical Indian Hindu who belong two to Bihar.like England, South Africa, Newzealand, Guyana, Jamaica, America, and Austrailia.
WHAT IS DONE IN CHHATH FESTIVAL-
The rituals of the festival are rigorous and are observed over a period of four days.They(mostly women) include holy bathing, fasting and abstaining from drinking water it called Fratta, standing in water for long periods of time (before the sun rising in the winter session cold water), and offering prasad (prayer offerings) and arghya to the setting and rising sun.Some devotees also perform a prostration march as they head for the river banks. Chhath Puja also has health benefits like peace of mind, positive energy and thought increasing etc.
AS PER WORLD’S OLDEST HINDU EPIC “THE VEDAS”GREAT HISTORY BEHIND CELEBRATING OF THE CHHATH PUJA-
1-HISTORY IN THE BACK OF CELEBRATING THE CHHATH POOJA-
It is believed that the ritual of Chhath puja can also even predate the ancient the Veda texts, as the “THE RIGVEDA” contains hymns worshiping the Sun god and describes comparable rituals. The rituals additionally discover the reference in the Sanskrit epic poem the “THE MAHABHARATA” (Hindu epic)in which Draupati(wife of five winner Pandavas/ five characters of Mahabharata) is depicted as observing comparable rites.
In the poem, Draupadi and the Pandavas, rulers of Indraprastha (now it is called Delhi), performed the Chhath ritual on the advice of noble sage Dhaumya.Through her worship of the Sun God, Draupadi was no longer only able to clear up her instant problems, however also helped the Pandavas later regain their misplaced kingdom.
Its scientific history dates lower back to the Vedic times. The rishis (senior religious teacher )of yore used this approach to remain except any exterior consumption of meals as they had been able to obtain strength without delay from the sun’s rays. This used to be executed through the Chhath method.that’s why devotees feel relax physically and mentally in this period.
2-HISTORY IN THE BACK OF CELEBRATING THE CHHATH POOJA-
As per Hindu epic, Another history in the back of celebrating the Chhath puja is the story of Lord Shri Rama. It is viewed that Lord Rama of Ayodhya (one of state if India)and Mata (mother) “sita” (wife of load Shri Rama and character also Mahabharata)had kept quick and offer puja to the Lord Sun of Hindi month identify Kartik mah (name of the month in Hindi)in Shukla Paksha at some point of their coronation after returning to the Ayodhya after 14 years of exile. From that time, chhath puja became the huge and typical festival in the Hindu faith and started celebrating every 12 months at the same date in Mata sita’s native land two Janakpur and adjoining Indian states of Bihar.
HOW TONS CHALLENGING RULES HAVE TO ACCOMPANIED THROUGH DEVOTEES-
Chhath is a pageant of consuming and worshipping, that follows a length of abstinence and segregation of the worshiper from the essential household for four days. During this period, the worshiper observes purity and sleeps on the ground on a single blanket or on a separate bed.This is the solely holy opposition which has no involvement of any pandit (priest).The devotees supply their prayers to the putting sun, and then the rising sun in celebrating its glory as the cycle of start off involved with death. It is viewed as the most glorious form of Sun worship.
FOOD OF DEVOTEES-
On the first day of Chhath Puja, the devotees take a dip, preferably in any rivers and raise domestic the holy water of these historic rivers to put together the offerings. The residence and surroundings are scrupulously cleaned. The female watching the Vrata(fast) known as vratin or parvaitin enable themselves only one meal on this day.
Lohanda and Kharna(Argasan)- the 2nd day of Chhath Puja, the day earlier than Chhath, the Vratins seem at a rapidly for the complete day, which ends in the night time a little after sunset. Just after the worship of Sun and moon, the choices of Kheer(name of dish prepared by milk sugar, rice, and other ingredients), chappatis, and bananas, are disbursed amongst household and friends. The Vratins go on a rapidly besides water for 36 hours after 2nd day evening Prashad (kheer).
PEHLA ARAGH (first/evening offerings)
This day is spent making ready the prasad (offerings)at home. On the eve of this day, the total family accompanies the Vratins to a riverbank, pond or a widely wide-spread large water physique to make the offerings (Arghya) to the placing sun. It is throughout this segment of Chhath Puja that the devotees furnish prayers to the simply putting sun. The match is nearly a carnival. Besides the Vratins, there are pals and family, and several persons and onlookers, all inclined to help and obtain the advantages of the worshipper. The people songs are sung on the night of Chhath.
DUSRA ARAGH(second/morning offerings)-
On the final day of Chhath Puja, the devotees, alongside with family and friends, go to the riverbank earlier than sunrise, in order to make the choices (Arghya) to the rising sun. The festival ends with the breaking of the quickly by using the Vratins. Friends, Relatives visit the houses of the devotees to get hold of the Prashad.
The essential worshipers, known as Parvaitin (from Sanskrit parv, meaning ‘occasion’ or ‘festival’), are normal women. However, a giant number of guys also take a look at this competition as Chhath is now not a gender-specific festival.The parvaitin pray for the well-being of their family, and for the prosperity of their offsprings. Once a household begins performing Chhatt Puja, it is their obligation to operate it each and every 12 months and to omit it on to the following generations. The festival is skipped only if there occurs to be a death in the household that year.
The prasad offerings include sweets, Kheer, Thekua, laddu made of rice grit and fruit (mainly sugarcane, sweet lime, and banana) presented in small bamboo soop(a bamboo pot ) windows. The food is strictly vegetarian and is cooked beside salt, onions or garlic. Emphasis is put on retaining the purity of the food.it is celebrated like Diwali with crackers an others things.